Conditional Tenses

Conditional Tenses
Conditional Tenses

Em Português, o condicional corresponde, ao tempo verbal “Futuro do Pretérito“.

1. Condicional Simples

Ex:
I would work. Eu trabalharia
I would study. Eu estudaria
She would go to the movies. Ela iria ao cinema.

Conjugação do Condicional Simples com o verbo ” to work”.

Affirmative Form

Formação:

SUJEITO + WOULD + VERBO NO INFINITIVO SEM O ‘TO’

I would (I‘d) work
You would (You‘d) work
He would (He‘d) work
She would (She‘d) work
It would (It‘d) work
We would (We‘d) work
You would (You‘d) work
They would (They‘d) work

Negative Form

Formação:

SUJEITO + WOULDN’T (WOULD + NOT) + VERBO NO INFINITIVO SEM O ‘TO’

I wouldn’t work
You wouldn’t work
He wouldn’t work
She wouldn’t work
It wouldn’t work
We wouldn’t work
You wouldn’t work
They wouldn’t work

Interrogative Form

Formação:

WOULD + SUJEITO + VERBO NO INFINITIVO SEM O ‘TO’

Would I work?
Would you work?
Would he work?
Would she work?
Would it work?
Would we work?
Would you work?
Would they work?

Important: Usamos também o would em orações interrogativas para expressar convite ou pedido educado.

Ex:
Would you come with me?
Would you please open the window?

Interrogative- Negative Form

Formação:

WOULDN’T + SUJEITO + VERBO NO INFINITIVO SEM O ‘TO’

Wouldn’t I work?
Wouldn’t you work?
Wouldn’t he work?
Wouldn’t she work?
Wouldn’t it work?
Wouldn’t we work?
Wouldn’t you work?
Wouldn’t they work?

2. Condicional Contínuo

Ex:
I would be studying. Eu estaria estudando.

Conjugação do Condicional Contínuo com o verbo ” to work”.

Affirmative Form

Formação:

SUJEITO + WOULD +BE + VERBO NA FORMA -ING

I would be working
You would be working
He would be working
She would be working
It would be working
We would be working
You would be working
They would be working

Negative Form

Formação:

SUJEITO + WOULDN’T (WOULD + NOT)+ BE + VERBO NA FORMA -ING

I wouldn’t be working
You wouldn’t be working
He wouldn’t be working
She wouldn’t be working
It wouldn’t be working
We wouldn’t be working
You wouldn’t be working
They wouldn’t be working

Interrogative Form

Formação:

WOULD + SUJEITO + BE + VERBO NA FORMA -ING

Would I be working?
Would you be working?
Would he be working?
Would she be working?
Would it be working?
Would we be working?
Would you be working?
Would they be working?

Interrogative- Negative Form

Formação:

WOULDN’T + SUJEITO + BE + VERBO NA FORMA -ING

Wouldn’t I be working?
Wouldn’t you be working?
Wouldn’t he be working?
Wouldn’t she be working?
Wouldn’t it be working?
Wouldn’t we be working?
Wouldn’t you be working?
Wouldn’t they be working?

3. Condicional Perfeito

Ex:
I would have studied Eu teria estudado.
She would have gone to the movies. Ela teria ido ao cinema.

Conjugação do Condicional Perfeito com o verbo ” to work”.

Affirmative Form

Formação:

SUJEITO + WOULD + HAVE + VERBO NO PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

I would have worked
You would have worked
He would have worked
She would have worked
It would have worked
We would have worked
You would have worked
They would have worked

Negative Form

Formação:

SUJEITO + WOULDN’T (WOULD + NOT) + HAVE + VERBO NO PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

I wouldn’t have worked
You wouldn’t have worked
He wouldn’t have worked
She wouldn’t have worked
It wouldn’t have worked
We wouldn’t have worked
You wouldn’t have worked
They wouldn’t have worked

Interrogative Form

Formação:

WOULD + SUJEITO + HAVE + VERBO NO PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

Would I have worked?
Would you have worked?
Would he have worked?
Would she have worked?
Would it have worked?
Would we have worked?
Would you have worked?
Would they have worked?

Interrogative- Negative Form

Formação:

WOULDN’T + SUJEITO + HAVE + VERBO NO PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

Wouldn’t I have worked?
Wouldn’t you have worked?
Wouldn’t he have worked?
Wouldn’t she have worked?
Wouldn’t it have worked?
Wouldn’t we have worked?
Wouldn’t you have worked?
Wouldn’t they have worked?

NOTE:

a. Os tempos do condicional são muitas vezes usados juntamente com outros tempos verbais, e a conjunção if (se) permite que esta correlação seja feita. Com esta conjunção, se o verbo na frase estiver no presente simples, o outro verbo estará no futuro do presente.

Ex:
If I can, I will go wherever you will go. Se eu puder, eu irei aonde quer que você vá.

b. Com a conjunção if, havendo verbo no passado, o outro verbo irá para o futuro do pretérito:

Ex:
If I could, I would go wherever you would go. Se eu pudesse, eu iria aonde quer que você fosse.

Outros Verbos no Condicional:

COULDpoderia

Ex:
Could you help me? Você poderia me ajudar?

SHOULDdeveria

Ex: You should study English. Você deveria estudar Inglês

Exercise

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